Treatments

Marmachikitsa

Identification of the Marma point

Prior to the Marma Therapy, one has to discover the actual location of the particular marma, as it varies the location of the marma varies from person to person, the measurement of his/her body and body parts. But due to the differences in each individuals, it is very difficult to find out the precise location of the marma point.

The spot where the marma is located is often represented in account of the joints, bony prominences and other body structures. The distance is illustrated in terms of each individual's finger measurements. The scope of each marma type is also considered. The marma points can vary in size; it can be that of a pinhead to half a finger (when measured laterally) to four fingers (which is laid laterally) or it can even be the size of the palm. When a marma point is disturbed, the area on the skin surface, undergoes different changes, in ways like; it becomes either stiff, tender, cool, hot, swollen, uneven, rough or depressed.

Panchakarma

Panchakarma is the specialized therapeutic procedure in Ayurveda by which the toxins (ama) and diseases accumulated inside a body is rooted out.

In Sanskrit, “Pancha” literally translates as Five and “Karma” as actions or procedures. Hence, Panchakarma is the sophisticated five-fold treatment procedures administered to treat different ailments and also to evacuate toxins from the body.

As is the case with every treatment procedure, the process of Panchakarma therapy involves preparing the patient before to the main course of the five-fold treatment.

Based on the stages of the process, Panchakarma is classified into Poorva Karma, Pradhana Karma and Paschata Karma.

Poorva Karma:

Panchakarma therapy begins with Poorva Karma (Pre Therapy procedures) or preparing the patient for the main treatment. Different stages of Poorva Karma are.

  • Snahaha Karma: Snahana refers to oleation therapy. This involves the internal and external application of oil to the patient’s body. Oil loosens the toxins. Next step can be Abhyangam, or body massage in which the blood circulation is increased. The toxins are moved from various tissues and organs to the main gastro intestinal tract and into the liver and kidneys.
  • Swedana Karma: Swedana means fomentation therapy. The toxins that are water soluble are brought out through the skin by perspiration.

Pradhana Karma:

The main treatment protocol includes the five-fold karmas / Panchakarma. They are as under:

  • Vamanam: Vamanam is induced emesis or vomiting. Toxins are brought out from the stomach by this process. These toxins may be in the form of phlegm and mucus present in the stomach.
  • Virechanam: “Virechanam” is induced purgation. The toxins in the small intestine and bile are excreted through the process of virechanam.
  • Vasthi: “Vasthi” involves the administration of hypertonic enemas. Based on the base liquid, Vasthic can be either Oil based or Decoction based. There is no safer method to evacuate the toxins that are accumulated in the large intestine or colon.
  • Nasyam: “Nasyam” refers to nasal instillation of oils / medicated fumes / herbal powders via the nostrils

Paschata Karma:

The third and final stage in Panchakarma treatment is the Paschata Karma or Post Therapy procedures. Paschata Karma is just as important as the first two stages as it is here, the ‘Agni’ or the metabolic fire of an affected individual is reignited so that he/she can get back to leading the regular diet and lifestyle.

This, hence includes slowly bringing the dietary changes for the person till he/she attunes himself / herself back. After this a set of instructions are also given to lead a healthy and disease free life

Abhyanga

 In the name of Ayurvedic Massage, Abhyanga had already gained the worldwide attention and popularity. In Ayurveda, Abhyanga is renowned for the application of oil to the skin, which is followed by massaging in specific directions. The practice of massaging in specific direction enhances blood circulation, helps in elimination of toxins from tissues, soothe mental and physical fatigue, boost the musculoskeletal system functioning, remove heaviness and stiffness of the body and ultimately results in complete relaxation of the whole body and mind. Even before the Vedic period, Abhyanga therapy was practised and is known to be the ancient practice in Ayurveda.

The Procedure of Abhyanga

  • The patient wearing a loose linen is made to sit on the Dhara table upright and oil is applied to the whole body from scalp to soles.
  • Next step is to let the patient lie on the back so that oil can be applied on the chest, abdomen, face as well as the anterior portions of the limbs.
  • After that, the patient is asked to rest on his/her left side. By such a posture, right side of the back, trunk, right shoulder, right arm and outer side of the right hip and lower limb are easily accessible.
  • Next posture is Right lateral position, exactly opposite to the one previously perfomed Left lateral position. The patient is made to rest on his/her right side. The same procedure performed previously is done in an opposite manner (left portion of body is accessed).
  • As the next position, the patient is made to rest on his/her abdomen. In this posture, the back, buttocks, posterior aspect of the limbs and sole are easily treated with oil.

Health Benefits of Abhyanga

  • Abhyanga promotes the development of a healthy body, helps in improvement of body figure, recuperates the body tissues and reduces body weight and fat.
  • nclude Abhyanga in the daily routine to promote the health and to maintain the physical fitness of the individual.
  • Both during extreme the cold of the Hemant Ritu as well as the dry weather of the Shishira Ritu, practicing Abhyanga counteracts the detrimental effect of the cold weather.

Aggravated Vata can lowered down quickly by Sneha (oil), which is used for Nasya, Anuvasama, Paana and Adhyanga at the right rime. Few of the diseases for which Abhyanga is indicated in Ayurveda are as follows: 1. Vata Vyadhi 2. Shwayathu 3. Kushta Vata Rakta 4. Switra Hidma 5. Rajayakshma 6. Twagasrita Jeernajwar 7. Dahajwar Madatyaya (Vatika) 8. Mutrakricha (Vatika) 9. Vriddhi (Vatika) 10. Gulma (Vatika) 11. Vatika Kasa 12. Kshataj kasa and Shwasa 13. Sheetajwar 14. Rakta Pitta

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